Journal - High resolution seismic refraction data interpretation: an example from Xiakou landslide, Sichuan, China

High resolution seismic refraction data interpretation: an example from Xiakou landslide, Sichuan, China

Surendra Raj Pant

Central Department of geology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

T. Li

Mountain Enterprises and Infrastructure Division, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal

A. Wagner

Chemin des Recluses 5, 1213 Petit-Lancy, Geneva, Switzerland

Fu Wei Yi and Cao Jiaman

Department of Geophysics, Chengdu Technical Institute, 610059 Chengdu, People Republic of China

Jour. Nepal Geol. Soc., 1999, Vol. 19, pp. 31-40


Among several data processing and interpretation techniques available in seismic refraction, the Generalised Reciprocal Method (GRM) is now widely used. In the thick landslide zone of Xiakou, Sichuan, China, the depths to bedrock obtained from the conventional refraction interpretation by the Plus-Minus Method (Method t0) differed considerably from the results of electrical soundings and drilling. The conventional methods were not able to accommodate to the more likely geological situations (i.e. undetected layers and velocity inversion) in a thick landslide zone. Thicker the overburden more the variation occurred between the results of the GRM and conventional methods. The velocity of seismic waves in the refractor calculated by the Plus-Minus Method was also affected significantly from the bedrock topography. After applying the GRM, the calculated depths were found to be very near to those of the drilling and electrical sounding. The GRM also revealed that the changes in refractor velocity (recorded by conventional methods) were fictitious. The fictitious changes in refractor velocity were caused by the target refractor topography and surface topography.


In this paper two profiles are taken for discussion. The profile B-B' represents a case of thick overburden (more than 30 m) whereas the profile D-D' is taken from a thin overburden (less than 15 m) above the target refractor.

Member Login
  • Jul

    Academic and professional development Sub Committee of the Nepal Geological Society and Nepal Geological Students’ Society in collaboration with Central Department of Geology has organized a training and interaction program entitled “Mining and Engineering Geology in field” on 23rd  Asadh 2075 at the conference hall of the Central Department of Geology, Kirtipur.

  • May

    Nepal Geological Society has organized a press meeting on the memory of 2015 Gorkha Earthquake on 2075/1/12 at the conference hall of Department of Irrigation, Jawalakhel

Activities and Information

Activities of 17th and 18th Executive Committee
Nepal Geological Society
P.O.Box No. 231
Kathmandu, Nepal
FREEPHONE: +977-01-4437874