Nepal Geological Society (NGS)

Nepalese National Group of IAEG Since 20 Years

P.O.Box No. 231 Kathmandu, Nepal

Information of excursions

There are two kinds of field trips i.e., one pre-conference field trip and two post-conference field trips. Field trip costs for the HKT-35 workshop are indicated below:

a.     Pre-conference field trip: A one-day pre-conference field trip to the Lesser Himalayan crystalline and meta-sediments of central Nepal from Kathmandu-Pokhara has been proposed. The trip focuses on the sequences of Precambrian rocks situated above and below the MCT (MT). The pre-conference fee covers transportation from Kathmandu to Pokhara by bus, one breakfast; lunch; and tea break on the way to Pokhara; and a guidebook. One day excursion fees are US $100.00. Prof. Dr. Bishal Nath Upreti (email: is the field leader.

b.     Post-conference field trip: Observation of touristic key features of the Pokhara valley like Mahendra Cave, Seti River Gorge, David Fall, Phewa, Begnas, and Rupa Lakes, Quaternary stratigraphy of valley-fill sediments, as well as rock sequences to the north of Pokhara like the Lesser Himalayan succession and the Main Central Thrust, with the aim of discussing the geodynamic and sedimentological evolution of the Pokhara valley. The fee for 2 days (fee US $175.00) of the field trip to Pokhara Valley and its adjacent hills includes only transportation by bus, two lunches and tea break, and a guidebook. Participants will return to their own hotels for the night. (Field leader: Dr. Kabi Raj Paudyal, Conference Convener, email:

c.     Post-conference field trip: This field trip makes a traverse across the Lesser, Higher and Tethys Himalayas from Pokhara to Muktinath along the Kaligandaki River valley that provides an opportunity to observe a N-S transect of the Nepal Himalaya from the oldest Kuncha Formation (around 1.8 Ga) to Cretaceous rocks. In addition, the excursion covers the area of regional geological folds, inverted metamorphism, the MCT, high P-T metamorphic rocks, STDS, and Paleozoic rocks with fossils, Quaternary deposits, and glacial landforms along the route. The excursion group will enter the premises of the Muktinath Temple. “The post-conference field trip from Pokhara to Muktinath-Pokhara includes transportation by Jeeps/Vans, five breakfasts, five lunches, five dinners, five nights’ hotel accommodation in non-star hotels, National Park entry fees, and a guidebook.” (5 days, 5 nights: Fee $600). (Field leader: Prof. Dr. Lalu Prasad Paudel, email:

Traverse across the Lesser, Higher and Tethys Himalayas from Pokhara to Muktinath

Excursion Leader : Prof Dr. Lalu Prasad Paudel, Central Department of Geology, Tribhuvan University

Duration : November 5-9, 2022 ( 5 days, 5 Nights)

Pax : Minimum= 9; Maximum= 30

Main Highlights  

  1. Observing geological cross-section from Inner Lesser Himalaya to the Tethys Himalaya: Three major tectonic units of the Himalaya (Lesser Himalaya, Higher Himalaya and the Tethys Himalaya) and Thak Khola Graben sediments; Two major boundary thrusts (Main Central Thrust and South Tibetan Detachment System), spectacular megascopic and mesoscopic folds, inverted metamorphic sequence of the MCT Zone, Tethyan fossil flora and fauna,
  2. Observing active geomorphic and geohazard processes: Erratic Quaternary river terraces of the Kali Gandaki valley, karst landforms, glaciers and moraines, mega-landslides and debris flows, landslide damming and lake formation etc.
  3. Spectacular natural scenery: Spectacular scenes of snow-fed mountains (Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Nilgiri and Machhapuchhre), crossing the high mountain along the Kali Gandaki valley (deepest gorge of the world), and natural hot springs at the MCT zone, Dhaulagiri Glacier, Passing through rhododendron forests and apple gardens.
  4.  Experiencing cultural diversity: Muktinath Temple, ancient Bouddha Monastries at Kagbeni and Muktinath, ethnic diversity from people living in the midhills to high mountains, experiencing Thakali, Gurung and Tibetan culture and food.

Road : 

Pokhara to Beni (about 100 km) is a two-lane paved road, road from Beni to Lete (about 50 km) is a gravel road, Lete to Muktinath (55 km) partially black-topped two lane road.

Anticipated hazard : 

If there is exceptional rainfall, there may be road blockade by landslide in the transect between Beni and Jomsom. One or the other participant could possibly get altitude problems at Muktinath (3800 m). However, quick transfer to lower levels would be possible.


Nepal Geological Society P.O.Box No. 231 Kathmandu, Nepal
Freephone: +977-01-4437874

Having Any Query