Sunil Kumar Dwivedi
Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, 901-0213, Japan
Prakash Chandra Adhikary
Central Department of Geology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
This paper describes the engineering geological characteristics of rock mass in the headrace tunnel, powerhouse, and intake portal of the Kankai Hydroelectric Project. The project area lies in the Lower Siwaliks of east Nepal and consists of alternating sandstone and mudstone beds with frequent siltstone intercalations. The rock mass of the project area was classified according to rock mass rating (RMR) and rock mass quality index (Q) systems. It is of very poor, poor, to fair quality (categories V, IV, and III) in the headrace tunnel; of very poor quality (category V) in the powerhouse; and of fair quality (category III) in the intake portal. The stability analysis of irregularly jointed and fractured rocks of the area was carried out using SWEDGE and UNWEDGE. The analysis gave the safety factor of 0.45, 0.64, and 0.45, respectively for the powerhouse, intake portal, and headrace tunnel. The final safety factors obtained after the installation of support for powerhouse, intake portal, and headrace tunnel were 1.14, 3.33, and 4.53, respectively.